An Advance Statement is a verbal or written record of what is important to you about your end of life care and preferences. It is not legally binding, although it should be taken into account when carrying out your wishes and decisions. It is also a helpful way for you to have conversations with your family, friends and others about what care you would like at the end of your life.
An Advance Decision to Refuse Treatment is a decision you can make now to refuse specific treatments in the future. It is legally binding, as long as it meets the necessary criteria for it to be considered valid and applicable. If you are refusing future life sustaining treatment (Eg: ‘do not attempt cardiac pulmonary resuscitation) then your Advance Decision to Refuse Treatment must be put in writing, signed and witnessed and include the statement ‘even if life is at risk as a result’.